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What is KYC and eKYC?

What is KYC?

KYC, which stands for Know Your Customer, is the solution to verify the customer’s identity throughout financial and credit activities between individual customers and financial institutions (banks, insurance companies, financial companies, etc.). In other words, if the customers cannot satisfy minimum KYC requirements, the financial institutions may refuse to open an account. 

KYC is today an essential element to facilitate customer identification and fight against financial crime and money laundering so as to ensure performance in the other stages of the process. 

Why KYC is important?

Previously, investors or customers who wanted to open an account had to spend a lot of time on moving, queuing up, declaring information, signing the opening contract, waiting for confirmation and so on. This leads to other difficulties when working time is limited and the desire for account opening is increased. 

Source: brandoc

Moreover, these onboarding processes help prevent and identify money laundering, terrorism financing, and other illegal corruption schemes by applying those requirements and standards including ID card verification, face recognition, document verification such as utility bills as proof of address, and biometric verification

eKYC

eKYC which is electronic Know Your Customer is an advanced solution to simplify the procedures and papers work for both customers and financial institutions. 

With the explosion of demand, the eKYC (electronic Know Your Customer) solution plays a significant role to facilitate the investors and financial institutions to complete the securities opening process and trade within a day. At present, the global banks or securities companies that get the approval of competent regulatory authorities, have been transitioning to electronic customer identification.

Who complies with eKYC requirements?

The people who need to comply with this requirement are the following:

People wish to open a bank account or a credit card account

People who open securities accounts and trade securities

People who wish to open an account to register and buy insurance packages

Once customers would like to open an account, they must comply with the KYC regulations and anti-money laundering regulations to limit fraud. On the other hand, the financial institutions are responsible to 

The eKYC implement process

When using eKYC, customers only need a personal device connected to the Internet. There should be a camera to take photos and have video call as the process requirement of financial institutions. ID card should be invalid and the mobile phone number should match the registered number to receive the OTP verification code. The process will be completed in just 5-10 minutes, even shorter.

In general, customers download the app of the financial institution that they want to register, then follow the process:

- Step 1: The customer fills in all required personal information fields on the application. Then, customers have to provide photos as proofs with two sides of ID card, passport, driver license and so on.

- Step 2: The information is automatically scanned and extracted by OCR solution

- Step 3: After that, selfie photos and video calls are required to help Banks or Securities companies to identify customers.

- Step 4: Face Recognition and Liveness Detection are technology in order to verify customers. If it fails to detect customers, they are requested to proceed to re-authentication.

Furthermore, there are more additional proofs and document requirements if the services request more information from customers to define their financial status.

Technology applied in eKYC solution

OCR

OCR (Optical Character Recognition) is a specialized technology to read the text in image files. In other words, it is a digital scanning tool that specializes in recognizing characters, handwriting, or typed letters such as ID cards, driver's license, passports, business cards, documents…. The process of extracting and uploading encrypted information to the system is maximized to shorten the time which is not over 3 seconds but guarantees accuracy.

 

Source: Perisent

 

Application for OCR

- Extract text information

- Extract information from statements and contracts

- Extract forms of banking, securities, insurance, telecommunications, market research

- Extract Identity cards, driver license

- Extract schema information

- Photo search and analysis application

- Other solutions on request

For instance, when we want to check the ID card, the system will check the accuracy of ID number, 2D barcode. Then, It verifies customer’s name, date of birth, and address. Also, the image/avatar will be checked to prevent photoshop interference. This verification helps detects crumpled, folded edges, opacity detection, and fraud.

Face Recognition

A facial recognition system is an application that automatically identifies a person from a digital image or a video frame from a video source. This system is commonly used in security systems and can be compared with other forms of biometrics such as fingerprint or iris recognition systems.

 

Source: pandasecurity

 

The system automatically determines the exact position of the face and performs algorithms to extract the facial data. During the movement, the system is still able to identify the face. All the above processes take place in less than 3 seconds.

The process for facial recognition biometrics includes:

- Get modeling by using a camera or relevant device (smart phones,...)

- Proceed to analyze data

- Make a comparison with data in the database.

- Define result after comparing

Fraud Detection

Fraud Detection is a fully managed service that spots potential fraudulent activities online, such as fraud in online payments and fake banking or securities accounts. Some of Frauds in insurance, banking and securities include:

 

Source: ciobulletin

 

- Identity papers are completely inauthentic

- Use the identity card of the twin to make transactions

- An image with various IDs

- One ID information with various photos

- The selfie photos are different while the ID information is the same

Fraud detection is activities and process to prevent forgery at the starting point of the onboarding step to minimize fraud and make a good impression on customers at the beginning.

Liveness Detection

To complement and increase the effectiveness of facial recognition, Liveness Detection is a solution to help measure and analyze physical features and responses to determine if the biometric pattern is valid. By way of explanation, this is a method of verifying real people, preventing  face spoofing and ensuring accuracy throughout the process of customer identification (eKYC).

Liveness Detection helps financial institutions to:

- Automate the Digital Onboarding process

- Enhance user security

- Decline risk in online payment

Active Liveness Detection is set up at financial branches where the bank tellers use it to verify customer whilst the Passive Liveness Detection will be set up in independent and nearby places. Whereas in contrast, there is no perfect method so as to completely eliminate all risks and fraud. Thus, it is necessary to apply multiple methods and technologies to optimize productivity for high value and complex transactions.

E-Signature

An electronic signature is a legal way to obtain consent or approval for electronic documents or forms, it can replace a handwritten signature in almost any process. An electronic signature basically is a form of information for the purpose of identifying the signers and their confirmation and consent to signed content.

Source: Kaiser Law Firm

The eSignature platform allow to collect and analyze the signature of customer and generate the unique characteristic for each to help verification process later. Thanks to this, the onboarding process is shortened and simplified while the financial institutions can focus on attractting new customers and increase user experience in the complicated financial service.

We, ITC Group, provide eKYC consulting and solution that can be best appropriated to your business need and requirement in variety of business domain such as banking, securities and other financial services. Benefits of our eKYC solutions:

- Online onboarding without face-to-face requirement

- Any platform

- Minimize risk of identity fraud

- Regulation adherence

- Eliminate paperwork

- No Geo-limitation

Please contact us here to better consulting.

 

 
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