Explore the Trending Software Development Methodologies
Applying methodologies to the software development process is essential to ensure quality and timely completion. Nowadays, technology companies all adopt an approach tailored to their business. Each software development method has its own strengths and weaknesses. However, the main goal of all these methods is to ensure a smooth software development process and achieve optimal efficiency according to each business model.
Currently, according to a report from worldbank, SMEs account for 90% of the market share, with the remaining portion coming from Large Enterprises. Among them, businesses operating in the technology and IT sector are expected to reach up to one million units – as stated by Jay McBain in "The Channel Software Stack - A Comprehensive (And Critical) Look At The Future Of The Industry." Most of these IT companies fall under SMEs. Due to the significantly high difference in ratios and the multitude of businesses engaged in software development, the demand for various methodologies has surged.
Methodologies for website development are a comprehensive framework that encompasses the design, implementation, and testing processes. These methodologies have been theorized for businesses to apply within their ecosystem.
What you should know about Software Development Methodology?
Software Development Methodology is a way to map out the processes a business will employ to construct software. It encompasses the construction of structure, planning, and control of the software system development process. The goal is to accurately apply theories to the development process and achieve a product that meets requirements.
Over the years, in the field of software development, numerous methodologies have emerged to effectively meet the demands of new technology and a company's existing resources.
However, fundamentally, all existing methodologies can be divided into two groups: (1) Traditional Software Development Methodologies and (2) Agile Software Development Methodologies. Nevertheless, no method is considered perfect, as each has its own advantages and limitations.
Therefore, when a business seeks an appropriate approach, it needs to understand and grasp the theories within each methodological framework and assess their compatibility with the company's needs.
Traditional Software Development Methodologies
The term "Traditional" might give the impression of being outdated and unappealing to businesses. However, in reality, methodologies within this category are still widely employed by many companies, especially those with well-structured linear operations across departments.
Fundamentally, these traditional approaches bring about highly effective software development due to their need for precision and thoroughness in each development phase. In these methodologies, projects follow a predetermined sequence of phases, assuming constant requirements while allowing adjustments to budget and timeline. This approach is most suitable for projects where scope changes are unlikely.
While it's evident that traditional methodologies struggle to adapt to new changes, the benefits they offer cannot be denied. Different methodologies operate differently:
1. Waterfall Method:
This can be seen as the quintessential linear approach. The stages are top-down arranged, clearly defining the functions of different departments. Each department adheres to a strict workflow, ensuring coordination. A department can only start if the previous one confirms its completion. Once initiated, the preceding department no longer influences this process.
2. Prototyping Method:
Development is based on a prototype to expedite construction. This enables faster testing, feedback, bug fixing, and incorporation of new requirements. This method aids developers in understanding software's technical specifications.
3. Spiral Method:
A combination of the two above builds a risk-analyzing concept for software development. The process resembles a spiral, consisting of planning, risk analysis, prototype development, and customer evaluation.
4. Incremental Method:
Sequential processes lead to software outcomes. The inclusion of new functions at each stage provides quicker results. It can be used before finalization, offering greater flexibility.
5. Rapid Application Development (RAD) Method:
As the name suggests, it allows high-quality software development quickly. However, it incurs high development costs, may lead to more bugs, and restricts feature development due to time constraints. Its primary goal is to minimize redundancy and build software rapidly.
Agile Software Development Methodologies
If you find that your current business operations don't quite align with the methods mentioned earlier, perhaps these agile approaches could be the solution. As we've discussed before, considering the current trends in software development, Agile methodologies are highly regarded, surpassing traditional methods. Agile seems to address the limitations of the development process and stands out for its flexibility and adaptability in each stage, ultimately boosting productivity across teams.
In case you're interested in learning more about Agile, take a look at: What is Agile methodology?
So, if your business emphasizes close collaboration between related departments, consistent interaction with customers, the ability to seamlessly integrate new technologies into your software, and the desire for each software stage to be meticulously refined, then the Agile Method is the ideal choice.
Let’s have a look at these main agile methodologies:
1. Kanban Method:
The system was introduced by Toyota, a renowned car company. The technique involves breaking down tasks into smaller components and organizing them on a board divided into sections for pending, ongoing, and completed ones. The adoption of this strategy promotes clarity in working methods by prioritizing significant tasks and increasing the value.
2. Scrum Method:
This method offers an alternative approach to work organization. It breaks down prerequisites and undertakings using a methodology resembling Kanban, with a focus on small, incremental advancements. Typically, we break down the entire project into smaller components and focus on completing each segment within a timeframe of 2 to 4 weeks, until the entire task is done. Every time these steps are completed, it is referred to as a sprint. The methods consist of devising plans, implementing actions, holding daily meetings, and assessing progress.
3. Lean Method:
This method is optimized for efficient task completion by small teams composed of skilled individuals. The most valuable assets lie within the individuals and their commitment, with time and money being secondary priorities. It is highly important to prioritize learning, quick response skills, and fostering team development.
4. Extreme Programming (XP) Method:
This is an approach that emphasizes collaboration among team members, as it is essential for its success. The primary objective is to foster a positive team atmosphere and continuously receive input from the client. Twelve principles guide the workflow are: promoting open communication, conducting thorough reviews, implementing rule-based coding practices, fostering code ownership among all team members, encouraging pair programming, frequently integrating work, delivering small increments regularly, being transparent and truthful with the customer, involving them in the process, and maintaining a proactive planning approach.
Adoption of Diverse Software Development Methodologies
As a dynamic software development firm, ITC Group is at the forefront of applying the most widely recognized software development methodologies of today. We have partnered with numerous businesses, ranging from startups and SMEs to large enterprises, in crafting software products that meet top-tier technological standards and bring about positive changes to operational efficiency.
If your business aims to take the next step towards digital transformation, building innovative software, and leading the way in your industry, do not hesitate to contact us. Our team of experts is ready to collaborate with you, assisting your business in building software that quickly meets all business requirements.